On: 1st May
Significance: State Of Maharashtra Attained Statehood
State Was Formed In: 1960
1st May is celebrated as Maharashtra
day. On this day the state of Maharashtra attained statehood. Maharashtra
is one of the largest states in India, both in terms of population
and area. Its booming capital Mumbai, makes it not only one of the
most important states, economically, but also a major gateway for
The present state was formed in 1960 when the Marathi and Gujarati
linguistic areas of the former Bombay state were separated. Bombay
then became the capital of the new state. In independent India,
Bombay, the bilingual state, continued as one state consisting of
Maharashtra and Gujarat. But this equation of two linguistic units
in one state did not work and therefore on 1st May 1960, under the
Bombay re-organization Act, Maharashtra and Gujarat were divided
into separate states. Maharashtra retained the old capital Bombay.
Shiv Sena Government has renamed the capital city Bombay into Mumbai.
In Mumbai, the Maharashtra Day celebrations
are held at the Shivaji Park in central Mumbai. The governor of
the state takes the salute at the ceremonial parade, comprising
members of the state reserve police force, Brihanmumbai Commando
Force, home guards, civil defence, fire brigade and city police.